Archive for May, 2011

May 30,1431 : Joan of Arc martyred

May 30, 2011


May 30: General Interest
1431 : Joan of Arc martyred

At Rouen in English-controlled Normandy, Joan of Arc, the peasant girl who became the savior of France, is burned at the stake for heresy.

Joan was born in 1412, the daughter of a tenant farmer at Domremy, on the borders of the duchies of Bar and Lorraine. In 1415, the Hundred Years War between England and France entered a crucial phase when the young King Henry V of England invaded France and won a series of decisive victories against the forces of King Charles VI. By the time of Henry’s death in August 1422, the English and their French-Burgundian allies controlled Aquitaine and most of northern France, including Paris. Charles VI, long incapacitated, died one month later, and his son, Charles, regent from 1418, prepared to take the throne. However, Reims, the traditional city of French coronation, was held by the Anglo-Burgundians, and the Dauphin (heir apparent to the French throne) remained uncrowned. Meanwhile, King Henry VI of England, the infant son of Henry V and Catherine of Valois, the daughter of Charles VI, was proclaimed king of France by the English.

Joan’s village of Domremy lay on the frontier between the France of the Dauphin and that of the Anglo-Burgundians. In the midst of this unstable environment, Joan began hearing “voices” of three Christian saints-St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret. When she was about 16, these voices exhorted her to aid the Dauphin in capturing Reims and therefore the French throne. In May 1428, she traveled to Vaucouleurs, a stronghold of the Dauphin, and told the captain of the garrison of her visions. Disbelieving the young peasant girl, he sent her home. In January 1429, she returned, and the captain, impressed by her piety and determination, agreed to allow her passage to the Dauphin at Chinon.

Dressed in men’s clothes and accompanied by six soldiers, she reached the Dauphin’s castle at Chinon in February 1429 and was granted an audience. Charles hid himself among his courtiers, but Joan immediately picked him out and informed him of her divine mission. For several weeks, Charles had Joan questioned by theologians at Poitiers, who concluded that, given his desperate straits, the Dauphin would be well-advised to make use of this strange and charismatic girl.

Charles furnished her with a small army, and on April 27, 1429, she set out for Orleans, besieged by the English since October 1428. On April 29, as a French sortie distracted the English troops on the west side of Orleans, Joan entered unopposed by its eastern gate. She brought greatly needed supplies and reinforcements and inspired the French to a passionate resistance. She personally led the charge in several battles and on May 7 was struck by an arrow. After quickly dressing her wound, she returned to the fight, and the French won the day. On May 8, the English retreated from Orleans.

During the next five weeks, Joan and the French commanders led the French into a string of stunning victories over the English. On July 16, the royal army reached Reims, which opened its gates to Joan and the Dauphin. The next day, Charles VII was crowned king of France, with Joan standing nearby holding up her standard: an image of Christ in judgment. After the ceremony, she knelt before Charles, joyously calling him king for the first time.

On September 8, the king and Joan attacked Paris. During the battle, Joan carried her standard up to the earthworks and called on the Parisians to surrender the city to the king of France. She was wounded but continued to rally the king’s troops until Charles ordered an end to the unsuccessful siege. That year, she led several more small campaigns, capturing the town of Saint-Pierre-le-Moitier. In December, Charles ennobled Joan, her parents, and her brothers.

In May 1430, the Burgundians laid siege to Compiegne, and Joan stole into the town under the cover of darkness to aid in its defense. On May 23, while leading a sortie against the Burgundians, she was captured. The Burgundians sold her to the English, and in March 1431 she went on trial before ecclesiastical authorities in Rouen on charges of heresy. Her most serious crime, according to the tribunal, was her rejection of church authority in favor of direct inspiration from God. After refusing to submit to the church, her sentence was read on May 24: She was to be turned over to secular authorities and executed. Reacting with horror to the pronouncement, Joan agreed to recant and was condemned instead to perpetual imprisonment.

Ordered to put on women’s clothes, she obeyed, but a few days later the judges went to her cell and found her dressed again in male attire. Questioned, she told them that St. Catherine and St. Margaret had reproached her for giving in to the church against their will. She was found to be a relapsed heretic and on May 29 ordered handed over to secular officials. On May 30, Joan, 19 years old, was burned at the stake at the Place du Vieux-Marche in Rouen. Before the pyre was lit, she instructed a priest to hold high a crucifix for her to see and to shout out prayers loud enough to be heard above the roar of the flames.

As a source of military inspiration, Joan of Arc helped turn the Hundred Years War firmly in France’s favor. By 1453, Charles VII had reconquered all of France except for Calais, which the English relinquished in 1558. In 1920, Joan of Arc, one of the great heroes of French history, was recognized as a Christian saint by the Roman Catholic Church. Her feast day is May 30.

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May 25,1977 : Star Wars opens

May 25, 2011

May 25: General Interest
1977 : Star Wars opens

On this day in 1977, Memorial Day weekend opens with an intergalactic bang as the first of George Lucas’ blockbuster Star Wars movies hits American theaters.

The incredible success of Star Wars–seven Oscars, $461 million in U.S. ticket sales and a gross of close to $800 million worldwide–began with an extensive, coordinated marketing push by Lucas and his studio, 20th Century Fox, months before the movie’s release date. “It wasn’t like a movie opening,” actress Carrie Fisher, who played rebel leader Princess Leia, later told Time magazine. “It was like an earthquake.” Beginning with–in Fisher’s words–“a new order of geeks, enthusiastic young people with sleeping bags,” the anticipation of a revolutionary movie-watching experience spread like wildfire, causing long lines in front of movie theaters across the country and around the world.

With its groundbreaking special effects, Star Wars leaped off screens and immersed audiences in “a galaxy far, far away.” By now everyone knows the story, which followed the baby-faced Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) as he enlisted a team of allies–including hunky Han Solo (Harrison Ford) and the robots C3PO and R2D2–on his mission to rescue the kidnapped Princess Leia from an Evil Empire governed by Darth Vader. The film made all three of its lead actors overnight stars, turning Fisher into an object of adoration for millions of young male fans and launching Ford’s now-legendary career as an action-hero heartthrob.

Star Wars was soon a bona-fide pop culture phenomenon. Over the years it has spawned five more feature films, five TV series and an entire industry’s worth of comic books, toys, video games and other products. Two big-screen sequels, The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and The Return of the Jedi (1983), featured much of the original cast and enjoyed the same success–both critical and commercial–as the first film. In 1999, Lucas stretched back in time for the fourth installment, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, chronologically a prequel to the original movie. Two other prequels, Attack of the Clones (2002) and Revenge of the Sith (2005) followed.

The latter Star Wars movies featured a new cast–including Ewan McGregor, Liam Neeson, Natalie Portman and Hayden Christensen–and have generally failed to earn the same amount of critical praise as the first three films. They continue to score at the box office, however, with Revenge of the Sith becoming the top-grossing film of 2005 in the United States and the second worldwide.

Novus Avion: 05-21-2001

May 22, 2011

The cast of Characters

Dave @ Sarx Hum Thf
Mike @ Tolan Dwf Ftr/Clr
Maggie @ Minerva Hum Clr
Brad @ Poctora Hum Wiz
John @ Drake Elf Was absent

The party Return to the town and hire people to begin refurbishing the tower and ground surrounding it. Left friend Drake do some magical research and went back into the dungeon, and began checking out additional rooms. The party found a room with 14 pools that radiated magic and each of the pools that still had water had different effect, from the pool Sarx recovered a magic ring from that turn to ice to the pool with an illusion on it filled with green slime to which Tolan lost 2 fingers to, but subsequently got them back from the healing pool there is also a pool of acid and one pool that double coins up to 1 gp in value ever 24 hours, Note I am on a silver system so that is a nice chunk of change.

They also found a bed room that they assumed belonged to a wizard, as they found 2 scroll in ivory cases and a spell book fired trapped with 3 third level spells in it. they also discover a portable hole in a trunk variation, with a twist that the stuff is stored exactly where the case was placed, so if you don’t’ put the case back petty much exactly where it was you can’t access the caches of loot. so now the party is wondering how many caches there may be stored all through the dungeon  etc.

Novus Avion: 5-14-2011

May 21, 2011

The cast of Characters

Dave @ Sarx Hum Thf
Mike @ Tolan Dwf Ftr/Clr
Maggie @ Minerva Hum Clr
Brad @ Poctora Hum Wiz  was absent
John @ Drake Elf

The Party decide to find out if the rumour of a dungeon under their tower and property was true. The spoke to several old gaffers in the inn and where told that the was a huge dungeon complex beneath their tower.

Going back to the tower the found the cellar area which is part of the Dumb waiter system to the tower and also after defeating a Zombie found a cold storage area being maintain by a small ice blue super cold gem.

They then managed to find a wizard alchemical research lab located under the Study on the ground floor and after much searching finally found the entrance to the under ground dungeon complete beneath the stair case heading up the tower. they managed to go through several rooms found  a huge collection of pole arms and also dealt with a copper statue that threw lighting bolts and after being dispatch, melted in to a 25 pile of cooper

May 19,1935 : Lawrence of Arabia dies

May 19, 2011

May 19: General Interest
1935 : Lawrence of Arabia dies

T.E.
Lawrence, known to the world as Lawrence of Arabia, dies as a retired Royal Air
Force mechanic living under an assumed name. The legendary war hero, author, and
archaeological scholar succumbed to injuries suffered in a motorcycle accident
six days before.

Thomas Edward Lawrence was born in Tremadoc, Wales, in
1888. In 1896, his family moved to Oxford. Lawrence studied architecture and
archaeology, for which he made a trip to Ottoman (Turkish)-controlled Syria and
Palestine in 1909. In 1911, he won a fellowship to join an expedition excavating
an ancient Hittite settlement on the Euphrates River. He worked there for three
years and in his free time traveled and learned Arabic. In 1914, he explored the
Sinai, near the frontier of Ottoman-controlled Arabia and British-controlled
Egypt. The maps Lawrence and his associates made had immediate strategic value
upon the outbreak of war between Britain and the Ottoman Empire in October 1914.

Lawrence enlisted in the war and because of his expertise in Arab
affairs was assigned to Cairo as an intelligence officer. He spent more than a
year in Egypt, processing intelligence information and in 1916 accompanied a
British diplomat to Arabia, where Hussein ibn Ali, the emir of Mecca, had
proclaimed a revolt against Turkish rule. Lawrence convinced his superiors to
aid Hussein’s rebellion, and he was sent to join the Arabian army of Hussein’s
son Faisal as a liaison officer.

Under Lawrence’s guidance, the Arabians
launched an effective guerrilla war against the Turkish lines. He proved a
gifted military strategist and was greatly admired by the Bedouin people of
Arabia. In July 1917, Arabian forces captured Aqaba near the Sinai and joined
the British march on Jerusalem. Lawrence was promoted to the rank of lieutenant
colonel. In November, he was captured by the Turks while reconnoitering behind
enemy lines in Arab dress and was tortured and sexually abused before escaping.
He rejoined his army, which slowly worked its way north to Damascus, which fell
in October 1918.

Arabia was liberated, but Lawrence’s hope that the
peninsula would be united as a single nation was dashed when Arabian
factionalism came to the fore after Damascus. Lawrence, exhausted and
disillusioned, left for England. Feeling that Britain had exacerbated the
rivalries between the Arabian groups, he appeared before King George V and
politely refused the medals offered to him.

After the war, he lobbied
hard for independence for Arab countries and appeared at the Paris peace
conference in Arab robes. He became something of a legendary figure in his own
lifetime, and in 1922 he gave up higher-paying appointments to enlist in the
Royal Air Force (RAF) under an assumed name, John Hume Ross. He had just
completed writing his monumental war memoir, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, and he
hoped to escape his fame and acquire material for a new book. Found out by the
press, he was discharged, but in 1923 he managed to enlist as a private in the
Royal Tanks Corps under another assumed name, T.E. Shaw, a reference to his
friend, Irish writer George Bernard Shaw. In 1925, Lawrence rejoined the RAF and
two years later legally changed his last name to Shaw.

In 1927, an
abridged version of his memoir was published and generated tremendous publicity,
but the press was unable to locate Lawrence (he was posted to a base in India).
In 1929, he returned to England and spent the next six years writing and working
as an RAF mechanic. In 1932, his English translation of Homer’s Odyssey was
published under the name of T.E. Shaw. The Mint, a fictionalized account of
Royal Air Force recruit training, was not published until 1955 because of its
explicitness.

In February 1935, Lawrence was discharged from the RAF and
returned to his simple cottage at Clouds Hill, Dorset. On May 13, he was
critically injured while driving his motorcycle through the Dorset countryside.
He had swerved to avoid two boys on bicycles. On May 19, he died at the hospital
of his former RAF camp. All of Britain mourned his passing.

Playing board game by Email

May 18, 2011

Well for those of you who like to play some old school games by email you should check out this site.

http://gamesbyemail.com/

I’ve mentioned it several times to my local gaming group it is a very nice place you can play knock off or risk diplomacy Axis and allies etc. the games have various turn around times and I find it to be a nice stress reliever.

Old Man Scriptures

May 18, 2011

Well I am finally an old man I have picked my self up a set of the large print scriptures for reading at home. and in a little less then 3 and a half years I will be eligible to join AARP. have to check out an and see what all discounts that qualifies me for, and learn to eat dinner at 4 pm so I can watch wheel of fortune 🙂

Journal

May 18, 2011

Well I am once again trying to write a journal. I am going to try to write in it every night. Last 2 times I tried it I made one entry and then 3 years later made like 4 entries, and  now it has been 16 years since I last gave it a serious try. I have tried a few online ones, but never seemed to find a good one or just lost interest, so i am sure there are a few pages out on the internet here or there never to be seen.

I’ve been told a blog can be considered a journal, but unless I print and bind it I really doubt my family will be reading this after I am gone let alone while I am still alive. Perhaps I should print and bind my face book posts as a journal. 🙂

Body Wash and deodorant

May 18, 2011

Well I hope it is just because it was on sale or she had a coupon,but last 2 or three times Maggie has gone to the store she has returned with body wash and deodorant for me. Last trip she even bought the dreaded old spice.

I hope she isn’t trying to tell me something.

The Internet is restored

May 18, 2011

Well I have restored internet to the house. It seems the cable to the office has an issue since I can get internet and cable from the living room and the bed room, so I have moved the modem and router to the bed room till the tech can show up tomorrow


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